WesBell Electronics
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Posts tagged: high temperature wire

Pros and Cons of Using the PTFE 18 AWG Wire

For those who love fixing things or simply want to have things done on their own, knowledge about different types of hookup wires is very valuable. Not being able to use the most appropriate type of wire for each job will not only lead to waste of time and money. It can also be very dangerous and can pose a threat to one’s life and the safety of his family or workplace. For instance, it is important to know that for projects requiring high temperature wire, the best option is the PTFE 18 AWG wire. Let us take a closer look at its characteristics, as well as the pros and cons of using this type of wire.

There are different types of PTFE wire. The most typical types are Type E, Type EE, Type ET and the STJ or shielded tape jacket version. The difference between these types is dictated by the following: voltage, ampacity and appearance. In terms of voltage, STJ and Type E can accommodate 600 volts. Type EE is best for 1,000 volts, while Type ET is suited for 250 volts. The next point for comparison is ampacity, or the amount of current that the wires can conduct. Usually, this is directly proportional to the voltage, so higher currents would requires a wire that can also accommodate high voltage. The last identifier among these types is appearance. For instance, the STJ cables have two sub-types – shielded and unshielded. Choosing between these two types would be based on additional factors such as the probability of the equipment incurring a temperature higher than 200 degrees Celsius, thus needing more insulation for safety reasons.

The PTFE 18 AWG wire is a good buy because it is available in the different types mentioned above. In addition, it has a stranding of 19/30 or 19 strands of 30 AWG wires. The diameter is also good at 0.07 inches. It also has several approvals such as the UL 1213, VW-1 Flame Test, and Mil Spec M16878/4. It is also RoHS Compliant so there is no need to worry about any hazardous risks coming from using the wire.

The only downside of using this wire is the price. PTFE wires already cost more than other types of electrical or hook up wire, because of the need for a better insulation for the high temperature. This type of wire, however, is one of the priciest types of PTFE wire that is currently in the market. Thus, some people would opt for other PTFE cables that are less expensive, unless of course the particular job or equipment they are working on specifically requires the stranding and wire gauge that this wire offers.

Overall, the PTFE 18 AWG Wire is a nice catch and a wonderful option among the different types of high temperature wires. Its quality and durability can be helpful in completing work around the house or even in commercial locations. The only setback in using this type is its price. However, if you cannot compromise quality and safety over expenses, then this is the best option.

WesBell Electronics Inc
(800) 334-8400

PVC Hook Up Wire Facts – Polyvinyl Chloride Lead Wires

Cables and wires are primarily used to transmit electrical energy from its main source to the various users in different places. Long before wireless telecommunication was invented, wires and cables were used to transmit information from place to place and from continent to continent.  There was a cable that connected Europe and South America.  With man’s various inventions and innovations of things that had help him lighten his work and load, different types of wires with different types of materials were also invented to accommodate its various uses.

One of these wires that are widely used nowadays is the PVC Hook Up wire.  Hook up wire is a standard conductor wire that is primarily made of copper with tin and is stranded.  Tin is basically added for easier soldering since it is primarily used in wiring a mechanism with point to point connection even if it can hamper a little the conductivity of the copper.

A PVC Hook Up wire is primarily used in the manufacturing industry especially in the appliance sector since it is used in the internal wiring of the various products that these companies are manufacturing.  This type of wire is using smaller AWG which had made this wire more flexible as compared to the other wires available in the market today.  It is also known to use lesser voltage as compared to the wires used to transmit electricity.  A PVC Hook Up wire is not a high temperature lead wire and it is only used in internal settings.  Exposing it to water, solvents and oil can cause irreparable damage to it.  Use a different type of wire if you have plan of using the material where it is installed in an outdoor setting especially if it is constantly exposed to the elements.

PVC Hook Up wire is available in different colors and in different voltages.  You can purchase these wires by meter or by spools.  There are a number of online stores that are selling these materials.  These online stores are offering free shipping to its customers if the said customer had purchase materials with amount higher than $250.  You can ask the seller to customize the color of the wire according to your specification.  You can also ask them to cut the wires at a specified length.  The thickness of the insulator also varies but you can ask for a customized thickness.

You have to check that there is uniform thickness of the insulator to avoid accidents.  There are guidelines that the manufacturers follow in producing the wires to ensure the safety of its users.  Failure on their part to follow these guidelines will make them liable for the injury that its users will incur due to its negligence.  To ensure your safety and of the user, you need to purchase PVC hook up wires from accredited manufacturers.

WesBell Electronics Inc
(800) 334-8400

PTFE Electrical Wire – High Temperature Wires

Most of the certified types of PTFE wire available in the market today are intended for use in electrical facilities where one can usually encounter high temperature. These wires have high resistance to flame, damage from solder iron, thermal aging, and moisture. Aside from that, the coating of these wires can also decrease or eliminate the effects of chemicals, solvents, ozone, and various types of grease. They can also be easily installed because the entire surface is generally slippery and small. Therefore, this gives the ease of attaching these parts to the intended surface.

The PTFE wire has also been found to possess a wide range of frequency. Aside from that, the PTFE wire is known to have the lowest values for the dissipation factor and the dielectric constant as compared to other types of cables. What further enhances its conductivity factor is the high surface resistivity and volume of each strand of cable.

In terms of the electrical properties, this PTFE wire is stable. It can only cause minimal power loss. This property makes it ideal for application in high frequency installations. Usually, the PTFE insulation of the PTFE wires are extruded to enhance the entire cable’s conductivity and other electrical features.

There are various advantages that the PTFE wire has. This is in terms of its chemical and physical properties. At high temperatures, this cable is considered to be inert to all types of chemicals. In line with this, it has also been found to be resistant to stress cracking, mold growth, fire, fungus growth, and ultraviolet radiation. The PTFE wire has also been found to be biocompatible, non-contaminating, and non-toxic to the environment. These properties make the PTFE wire a suitable choice for long term use, may it be in the home, office, or industrial setting.

There have also been types of PTFE wires with silver plated copper that are stranded. PTFE wires with high temperature insulation are known to withstand temperatures that may range from -76 degrees Fahrenheit to 392 degrees Fahrenheit. Its upper limit value may even go as high as 221 degrees Fahrenheit. As for the voltage, it can usually hold as much as 600 Volts at a time.

Some manufacturers have fabricated copper strands with silver platings. This PTFE wire variation also includes a wire jacket that can withstand temperatures that can shoot as high as 392 degrees Fahrenheit. These strands usually come in the 1000, 500, and 600 Volt versions.

The PTFE wire is typically used for outdoor or indoor settings where tolerance for high temperature and dense humidity is required. Compared to the hook up wires and the electrical wires with other types of jackets, the PTFE wires are more expensive. However, this may be attributed to the materials used for the entire PTFE wire. Aside from aiding in high temperature and humidity tolerance, these materials also provide a high degree of flexibility that is suitable for most of your needs at home. Typically, local hardware shops sell the PTFE wires in various lengths. You may specify the length of PTFE wire that you prefer to address your needs. Upon request, the staff in the hardware shop may even twist, stripe, cut, and strip the PTFE wire.

WesBell Electronics Inc
(800) 334-8400

Difference Between PVC and PTFE Cables

When our customers and website visitors ask for pricing on a PVC cable to compare it to a PTFE cable they’re completely shocked when they hear the difference in price, so we’re going to let you know the differences in order to justify the pricing. Once you understand the engineering, materials and commodities it will be easier to understand the price difference between the two.

PVC cables are manufactured at a much lower cost because they don’t have to meet the high temperature rating that PTFE cables do. PVC stands for Polyvinyl Chloride which is a compound engineered to be used in electronics and other indoor applications.

PVC electronic cables meet a 105°C temperature rating in 300 or 600 volts. They’re manufactured with flexible copper strands and PVC insulation on the inner conductors. They sometimes come with an aluminum overall foil shield and a tinned copper drain wire.

Now that you know the construction of a PVC cable you’ll probably understand why a PTFE cable is much more expensive. PTFE compound is used to manufacture a 200°C temperature material to cover the copper conductors. The engineering involved in creating a 200°C cable is much more involved than the process of creating a 105°C cable.

The inner conductors of PTFE cables also have a PTFE insulation called Type E or M16878/4 that also meet the high temperature of 200°C. They’re manufactured with silver plated copper strands which means the cost of high copper and high silver must be included in the pricing on PTFE cables.

The final reason for higher prices on PTFE cables is the fact that the earthquake in Japan affected an entire manufacturer of PTFE compound that was sending the compound to PTFE wire manufacturers. That created a huge shortage of PTFE wire in the market which drove up the pricing as well.

I wouldn’t want to say that a PVC cable is easy to manufacture, but when comparing it to a PTFE cable it seems like a walk in the park. Both cables have a UL and CSA approval along with RoHS compliance, but PTFE cables can be used outdoors, at higher temperatures and they resist water, gases, oils, solvents and much more. Just make sure you’re sitting down when you hear the pricing!

Please call if you have any questions or comments about our wire, cable tubing, blog or website! We enjoy all feeback!

WesBell Electronics Inc
(800) 334-8400

PFTE High Temperature Wire Cost

As a wire and cable distributor we have large quantities of PTFE wire in our stock, so we understand the costs associated with each part of the manufacturing process. It’s becoming more and more difficult to get your hands on because of the high demand for PTFE compound, copper and silver.

Copper is the main cost driver of PVC wire and largers sizes of copper wire because the cost of the insulation is much cheaper leaving copper as the main ingredient. Since copper has been lowering over the last month (October 2011) customers expect pricing to be going down on all types of wire and cable which may not be the case.

PTFE wire has 3 main ingredients including PTFE compound, copper and silver that can drastically change the price of the wire you’re trying to buy. Also, since all three of these materials are very hard for manufcaturers to get, the lead time is as long as 10-12 weeks to get PTFE wire manufactured.

Since PTFE wire is a high temperature wire the insulation needs to resist almost twice as much heat as PVC wire which increases the cost. PTFE is a compound used in manufacturing PTFE insulation which our vendors need to make the wire. The problem is that a PTFE compound manufacturer in Japan was shut down due to the earthquake about a year ago making it more difficult for wire manufacturers to get their hands on the PTFE compound.

Copper has been lowering over the last month which lowers the cost slightly because the bill of materials is less for the manufacturer. However, PTFE is up, material is scarce and lead times are getting longer which are all reasons the price is going up in contrast to a lower copper price. Just because copper is down 20% doesn’t always mean your price will lower 20% as well.

Silver has been a roller coaster ride over the last year going up like a rocket and coming back down just as fast making it very difficult to price wire when the lead time is out 10 weeks. A price today could be 20% different in a week nevermind 10 weeks. It’s currently down compared to its high over the last few months but it’s still up quite a bit from a year ago.

If you have any questions about the cost of PTFE wire or why it costs so much to manufacture PTFE high temperature wire then please call and ask us. We list the current copper pricing on our website for your reference to previous months. This helps you understand why pricing is going up and shows our honesty when pricing is down because when copper lowers, so does your price.

WesBell Electronics Inc
(800) 334-8400

Copper Hook Up Wire For Appliances and Electronics

Hook up wire is used for many different things because each different type of insulation gives it more possibilites for environmental use. Standard electronic hook up wire only needs to protect the wire from a few things and complex insulation protects it from outdoor weather conditions such as moisture, gas and solvents.

Indoor hook up wire comes in 300 volts and 600 volts with a PVC insulation. These copper wires are used in electronics and appliances throughout your home. If you’ve ever taken the panel off of your toaster, microwave or stereo and seen the wire harness you might know what I’m talking about.

At Wesbell Electronics we manufacture the wire harnesses to specification as an ISO9001 company. Being certified as an ISO9001 company we have strict procedures while producing our wire and cable harnesses in order to limit errors and produce them as quick as possible.

The 600 volt hook up wire will have a slightly thicker insulation than the 300 volt for added protection. That gives it a slightly higher cost. Higher voltage and higher temperature wires will cost more as well.

If you’re looking for the most basic, cheapest indoor electronic lead wire then UL1007  is what you should ask for. It’s the 300 volt PVC insulated copper wire being discussed. Most companies will offer 100′ spools available for sale because it’s very cheap and you’ll only have to pay about $10-20 for a spool depending on the awg size.

There’s about 10-12 standard colors available and PVC wire can be striped very easily. A stripe will usually cost about $7 additional for each spool but if you need 20 colors for a wire harness then striping is the way to go. You can make the amount of colors unlimited by including stripes as a posibility.

If you’re looking for a type of electrical wire to be used outdoors then you should take a look at our THHN wire. It’s commonly used by electrical contractors outdoors and in conduit. Its dual rated THHN THWN insulation protects against water, gas, oil and solvents.

If you’re looking for a higher temperature hook up wire then take a look at our PTFE wire that reaches 200°C. It’s manufactured with silver coated copper strands and a PTFE insulation for high heat and solder proof applications.

Please call us with any type of hook upw wire you need!

WesBell Electronics
(800) 334-8400

Types of Hook Up Wire – PVC and PTFE High Temperature

Wouldn’t it be easy if you could just ask for some hook up wire and call it a day? Well there are voltage ratings, temperature ratings and insulation types that change the pricing of each type of hookup wire based on the application you have. If there was just one universal hook up wire you’d be over paying so that it has the approvals for every application.

The most basic would be a PVC hook up wire manufactured to 300 volts and a temperature of 105°C. It has a UL rating of 1007 which approves it for that temperature and voltage. The next step up would be the UL approved 1015 which has the same temperature rating with 600 volts of power. These two types of PVC insulated wire are used in small appliances and electronic devices. You’ll usually see them in a small wire harness connecting power from one spot to the next.

As an ISO 9001 company WesBell has the capabilities to manufacture these wire and cable harnesses to specification. We cut and strip to length or follow a detailed specification sheet to meet the requirements of all of our customers.

PTFE Wire is a high temperature wire of 200°C. It’s rated from 600 volts to 3000 volts and has silver-plated copper strands in flexible and non-flexible options. It has a UL rating of 1180 and you might also hear it referred to as Type E or Type EE high temperature wire.

Beware of the pricing in 2011 for PTFE wire for a few reasons. Copper is up, silver is up and PTFE compound is up! That’s 3 problems of Type E wire right now driving the price through the roof. Silver and copper are both high demand commodities right now which are up and a large portion of the cost of manufacturing this hook up wire. The third is a PTFE compound manufacturer in Japan that was shut down creating very high demand on this compound that makes the PTFE insulation. I recommend looking around and finding a good price because you’ll find that it’s going to be very different everywhere you look depending on when it was purchased by that company.

Lastly, THHN wire is NOT dog fence wire. This is a very common question we get about our THHN wire because it can be used outdoors and in conduit. However, dog fence wire goes directly into the ground and has a polypropelene insulation to protect accordingly. THHN wire has a PVC insulation with a nylon coating available for use outdoors and in conduit only. Will the wire be deemed ineffective immediately? No, of course not but it won’t last as long and isn’t approved to be in that application.

Be sure to ask your wire and cable sales person about the types of hook up wire and your application in order to fit you with the correct type of wire for the cheapest cost possible.