WesBell Electronics
Wire and Cable Blog



Category: Hook Up Wire

Insulation Matters: The Differences between 4 Common Hook Up Wires

PVC hook up wire requires different levels of insulation in order to fully protect itself from corrosion. Corrosion can occur from a number of outside elements, from the environment that the wire is in to temperatures and accidents. In this article, four different types of wires and insulation will be discussed namely, UL1007, UL1061, UL1015, PTFE Teflon wire.

  • UL1007 Wire

UL1007 is meant to be used for projects that require 300 volts. It has .016” insulation thickness and has been certified by Underwriters Laboratories, or UL, for temperature and voltage reliability. However, despite being certified by UL, the high voltage of this form of wire usually requires third party approval for use by commercial properties.

  • UL1061 Wire

The UL1061 is very similar to the UL1007 because it has the same amount of voltage at 300 volts. However, the primary difference between these two is that the UL1061 has .009” insulation thickness. Its slimness makes this hook up wire ideal for work that requires the same kind of punch as the UL1007 while needing a smaller outer diameter.

  • UL1015 Wire

UL1015 wire has double the amount of voltage as the UL1007 and 1061. Thanks to its 600 volts, it also requires a lot more insulation to keep it protected. Because of this, UL1015 requires .032” of insulation, almost triple that of the UL1061! Like many types of wire, UL1015 can handle temperatures up to 105 degrees Celsius.

  • PTFE Teflon Wire

PTFE Teflon wire is high-grade wire that can withstand temperatures of 200 degrees Celsius- almost double of what the UL wires can. Because of the high temperatures that this wire is often submitted to, PTFE uses silver plated copper strands instead of tinned copper. Also, PTFE has a nonstick surface which protects the wires from water, oil, solvents, and even gasses.

There are many different kinds of wire available and each one has its own specifications, insulation, and capabilities. Having the right information is crucial and so it’s always recommended to talk to a sales associate who is knowledgeable about the different kinds of wires before buying.

 

3 Hook Up Wire Acronyms to Remember

3 Hook Up Wire Acronyms to RememberThere are so many acronyms that are used when talking about wire and cables. The three most common are PVC, PTFE, and THHN. Each acronym refers to a kind of insulation or jacket that is wrapped around the copper wire. For the most part each of these forms of insulation are pretty much the same. Each kind of insulation has its own unique temperature rating. And each wire can only handle a specific level of voltage.

 

PVC

PVC stands for polyvinyl chloride. This is the most basic and the least expensive kind of hook up wire. It is generally used indoors and in electronics. The wire has a temperature rating of 105°C. The wire is also approved and rated to be able to handle either 300 or 600 volts; this depends on the wire which you choose to purchase.

PTFE

PFTE stands for polytetrafluoroethylene. This insulation will do all the same things as the PVC insulation. The main difference between the two is that the PTFE insulation is approved for high temperature uses. The PTFE wire has been rated to be handle temperatures as high as 200°C. This insulation is slick and a non-stick so it’s easier to install than the average PVC wire. The PTFE insulation on the wire is resistant to a number of substances. They are resistant to solvents, greases, ozone, and most other chemicals. This allows the PTFE wires to be able to be used in all kinds of environments not just around the house.

THHN

THHN stands for thermoplastic high heat nylon. This wire is not flexible like the PVC and the PTFE wires. This THHN wire is used more in houses and buildings to connect electricity to lights, outlets and appliances around the home. The THHN wires are made with a soft drawn bare copper conductor and have PVC with nylon jacket. This allows the wires to be resistant to both gasoline and oils. The wires have been rated to be able to handle 600 volts of electricity. They also meet the UL listed standards and can be made with the CSA approval upon request.

Each of these acronyms refers to a specific kind of jacket or insulation that is wrapped around the copper conductor of the wire. These three are the most commonly used acronyms as well as the three most common forms of insulation for a wire. The PVC is the most basic and the cheapest form of insulation but it will get the job done and is protective of the copper conductor. Then there is the PTFE insulation that is intended to be used in places where there is a need for protection against high temperatures. Then finally there is the THHN insulation is not flexible. It is better used in giving electricity to appliances and outlets throughout the house.

Written by: WesBell Electronics

Difference Between PVC and PTFE Hook up Wire

Once an engineer determines the amount copper necessary to handle the voltage and power they need to determine what is needed to protect it. Any type of material used over copper, whether it’s PVC, PTFE or something else, protects it from the environment that it’s placed in. Hook up wire may need protection from water, gasses, oils, solvents, heat, and even voltage.

PVC Hook Up Wire

PVC hook up wire provides the lowest amount of protection when compared to other types, but still resists many things. PVC wires are typically used indoors within electronics and appliances so an engineer immediately knows the insulation will need to resist water and oil. When water comes in contact with copper while it’s connected to power it will short, and if the insulation doesn’t resist water it will eat through the insulation and still short the connection once it comes in contact with the copper strands.  Therefore, water should drip off the insulation as if they never came in contact with each other.

Buy PVC Wire here >>

PTFE Hook Up Wire

PTFE insulation is an upgrade to PVC because it offers more protection to the copper. PTFE hook up wire can be installed in the same applications as PVC insulated wire, but it has to be worth the additional costs. PTFE resists up to 200ºC compared to PVC resisting up to 105ºC. The temperature increase is the main difference between PVC and PTFE, whether it’s a cable of a single conductor lead wire. However, the insulation also allows PTFE wires to be installed outdoors because they can resist the environmental conditions it will come in contact with.

Buy PTFE Wire here >>

Remember to ask your supplier, “Is the a cheaper version of XYZ wire that will still meet the needs of my application?” Sometimes customers buy PTFE wire when they could have bought PVC wire for a much cheaper price. That same scenario happens all the time in the wire and cable industry because there are so many different versions of similar wire. Sometimes a UL approval, higher voltage, or higher temperature will increase the price dramatically which may be unnecessary for certain applications.

UL1015 and UL1007 Hook Up Wire Information

Hook Up Wire

PVC hook up wire is simple and basic. There are three main things that make up typical hook up wire. First you have the copper strands, then the tin coating and finally the PVC insulation. All three parts are equally important as each other as they serve an important purpose.

UL1007 Wire

300 Volts. When buying UL1007 wire you’ll want to be specific about the copper stranding. You can ask for solid, stranded or flexible. A solid strand of copper, as you can imagine, is not flexible but it does hold its form once bent. Stranded wire is a bit more floppy and it’s the standard in the industry. Flexible wires use a smaller gauge of copper, but more of them, to make the same size wire more bendable.

UL1015 Wire

600 Volts. You can request the same copper stranding options as above but the insulation on both remains the same. UL1015 wire has a thicker insulation to handle the voltage increase but, otherwise, has the same attributes as UL1007 wire.

The tin coating helps adhere to solder when soldering is involved. If you’re not going to be soldering with the hook up wire you can request it without tin.

The PVC insulation can be upgraded to handle higher temperatures and voltages if necessary. But if you’re looking for the cheapest type of wire for your home project then keep your eye on UL1007 and UL1015 hook up wire.

Finding Hook Up Wire in Cleveland OH

Hook Up Wire Cleveland OHEven though you live in Cleveland OH you can still buy your hook up wire from any company within the USA and receive it in a few days. WesBell Electronics is located in Merrimack NH and ships PVC and PTFE lead wire within 24 hours. Furthermore, UPS guarantees that it will ship from NH to OH in 2 business days. So you can purchase your lead wire needs from our website and expect to see it in OH within 3 business days.

We keep hook up wire, portable cord products and electrical wire in stock for assembly houses, storm projects and electrical contractors. We specialize in cutting the exact length needed to get the job done. If you need 175’ then we’ll cut 175’ and if you need 34’ we’ll cut 34’ based on our “per foot” price online. Simply enter the amount of wire you need and we’ll have it cut and shipped within 24 hours or we’ll notify you otherwise.

Unfortunately, we do not cut hook up wire to exact lengths under 100’. We start with a minimum of 100’ pieces unless you need multiple colors. In which case you should speak to a representative here to figure out what your price will be for the quantity you need. However, please call if you need odd lengths in between 100’ and 500’ because we’ll cut the length you need.

Our hook up wire comes in 10 solid colors along with an unlimited amount of striped color options for harnessing projects. A spiral stripe will be added to the insulation of the lead wire in order to designate it from the rest of the same color wires. With 10 solid colors and 10 striping colors the options are endless.

Please call if you have a unique opportunity for wire, cable or heat shrinkable tubing. We’ll take a look at what you need and figure out the cheapest way for you to buy the material and have it shipped to your front door. Don’t forget, we offer Free Shipping on orders over $250!

Written by: Chris Bell
www.wesbellwireandcable.com

Lead Wire Splicing and Insulation Cuts

As a large electrical wire and cable supplier WesBell ships spools with 100’, 1000, and even 5000’ on each spool making it hard to determine if the customer can, or cannot, accept a splice somewhere in the middle. A splice occurs when the wire breaks during the spooling process. Once it breaks it needs to be connected together by pulling off a few inches of insulation and connecting the copper ends to each other.

Lead Wire SpliceAssume we have an order for 1000 feet of XYZ wire. We’ll uncoil it from a 5000’ reel onto a smaller reel. If there was a break in the wire we’ll mark it on the spool to let the customer know that the insulation ends for 6 inches at the 200 foot mark.

If your installation requires a continuous length of hook up wire please make sure you state that on the order. We have a “comments” section of our online order form that we take very seriously. It’s a place where you can mention your company PO number and special instructions such as a continuous spool.

Many companies that buy hook up wire will cut smaller lengths each day for different projects that they have. In that case, a continuous spool isn’t necessary because they can cut off the splice area and move on.

Fixing a Splice

Fixing a SpliceA splice exposes the metal which can cause a short if it comes in contact with another wire. If you have a splice and still need to use that portion of the lead wire you should cover it will heat shrinkable tubing. Simply place the tubing over the splice and apply heat until it shrinks to fit the wire nice and snug. You should not use a piece of wire with exposed copper for any reason other than grounding.

If you have questions about cutting, splicing, stripping, twisting or soldering hook up wire please call us for information.

WesBell Electronics Inc
Written by: Chris Bell

Is Copper Really Going Down?

Copper PricingYES! Copper has been slowly decreasing over the last 6 months bringing down the price of copper wire and cable. Copper is traded on the NYSE (New York Stock Exchange) which means the cost of copper goes up or down every day depending on the supply and demand. The cost of wire doesn’t automatically change based on the price of copper because there are other price drivers such as the insulation and the coating of tin, nickel or silver that is sometimes used over the copper strands.

Standard Hook Up Wire Pricing

“Standard hook up wire” refers to the most basic types used in the industry. PVC (Polyvinyl Chloride) is the most basic hookup wiring used in appliances and electronics. This particular type of wire has 3 price drives which are copper, tin and PVC insulation. The cost of each will change daily, copper being the most dramatic, which changes the cost of PVC hook up wire. So, if there is a 5% increase in PVC materials and a 5% decrease in the cost of copper, the price will probably remain the same.

PTFE Hook Up Wire Pricing

This type of hook up wire has 4 price drivers including copper, silver, PTFE insulation and PTFE compounds. PTFE refers to a high temperature insulation with many different materials used to manufacture it. PTFE is a group of elements used to withstand high temperatures and create a non-stick surface. Silver is used over the copper strands to resist corrosion when the wire is in applications with high temperatures. Buy PTFE here >>

SOOW Portable Power Cable

In order to understand the actual pricing of any electrical cable you must first understand the construction. SOOW cable is manufactured with very fine flexible strands, EPDM insulation over each conductor, EPDM rubber jacket and fillers in between each conductor to make sure the cable is perfectly round instead of hugging each conductor with a bumpy outside surface. Most sizes also have UL, CSA and MSHA approvals increasing the cost as well. So, just because copper is the most popular price driver as of now doesn’t mean it’s the only one. Your price may, or may not, be changed based on copper decreasing but if you’re unsure why please ask us the question!

On 3/27/2013 the price of copper per pound is $3.45/lb
On 3/27/2012 the price of copper per pound was $4.19/lb
On 3/27/2011 the price of copper per pound was $4.42/lb

OUR PRICES HAVE BEEN DROPPING!

Written by: Chris Bell
chris@wesbellinc.com
www.wesbellwireandcable.com

UL1007 16 AWG Hook Up Wire Compared To UL1015

UL1007 and UL1015 are both types of PVC hook up wire used indoors in applications such as appliances and electronic devices. Both come in about 10 solid color options along with an unlimited amount of striped color options making it very convenient for contract assembly houses that manufacture wire harnesses and assemblies.

The two main differences between these types of hook up wire are the outer diameter and the voltage rating. UL1007 wire is rated for 300 volts with an outer diameter of .016 inches while UL1015 wire is rated for 600 volts with an outer diameter of .030 inches. Other than those differences the two wires are nearly identical.

Both are tested and approved by UL, or Underwriters Laboratories, and CSA, or Canadian Standard Association. There was also a problem about 5 years ago with the inclusion of lead in hook up wire which was removed and stamped as RoHS compliant, meaning lead free. There are more restricted materials on the list of being RoHS compliant but lead was the main reason for getting the project completed. Most all wire and cable on the market is now RoHS compliant unless it was manufactured over 5 years ago. You can ask for a compliant specification sheet proving that it is if you need it for your records.

Both types of 16 AWG PVC wire (UL1007 and UL1015) are manufactured with 26 strands of 30 AWG tinned copper. The tin coating over the copper helps in the soldering process for contract assembly houses and personal users at home. Attempting to stick solder to bare copper is difficult but was proven easier with the additional tin coating over the copper. The tin adheres to the solder creating a much better and easier connection.

Feel free to call us with and questions you have about bare copper, tinned copper, PVC wire or the UL, CSA and RoHS compliant markings on the insulation. Everything from the copper strands to the markings on the insulation has a significant meaning in the application of that particular electrical wire. Make sure you consult your supplier or electrician to be sure the connection you’re about to make is the correct one. The worst that can happen is you’ll pick the brain of someone with direct experience in the industry to help you with your venture.

WesBell Electronics Inc
(800) 334-8400

PVC 26 AWG Hook Up Wire Information

With a variety of multi-conductor cables that are being sold on the web, it is important that you are aware of how these wires and cables actually work. Selecting the best PVC 26 AWG wire is vital because you have to make sure that you are purchasing the most suitable product. The following are the categories that you should consider when searching for a top quality and low priced multi conductor cable:

  1. Power cord
  2. Tray Cable
  3. Electrical wire
  4. Electronic multi-conductors

The portable power cord has the same function as the ordinary extension cable. In fact these two items have similar features. The outer part is covered with rubber or PVC components and the conductor is hidden inside. The best thing about these products is that it is portable. Numerous building contractors and electrical engineers use the PVC 26 AWG wire on their projects. These professionals know the importance of having the finest materials that should be used for all those crucial works.

If you are searching for the cheapest type of multi conductor cables, it is recommended that you search the best online electronics stores for this particular purpose. Wes Bell Electronics is a well known company that sells all types of multi conductors that you can bring to your construction site. Your powerful tools and equipments require only the first class set of wires and cables so you should be able to shop for the ideal materials. Multi conductors that are made of PVC or polyvinyl chloride are especially manufactured to withstand strong electrical surges.

Electricity should at all times be controlled with the use of the most robust materials and the best way for you to prevent any type of electrical problems that could happen in the future is to purchase PVC 26 AWG wire from WesBell Electronics. All the products that you can find at the company’s web page were fabricated with the use of copper and aluminum conductor. Whether you are constructing a residential house or a commercial building, it is important that you browse the web and place an order for the toughest wires and cables.

Before you proceed with your building projects, determine the types of cables that you require. It is recommended that you purchase both outdoor and indoor PVC cables at a reliable online store. You are given the assurance that all the materials will reach the job site within a reasonable time WesBell has been dealing with cables and wires for more than twenty years and during this period, a lot of customers have already proven that the company only ships top rate wires at an incredible bargain price.

Multi conductors can be bought together with any of the following items: single-conductor, twisted pair and twist triad. Each and every strand is solid and thick and it is very flexible as well. The online store provides all types of wires and cables. All you have to do is to surf through the net and take a closer look at the products which are being offered therein.

Why Use PVC Electronic Hook Up Wire?

An electrical conduit is mainly a passageway wherein electricity can travel. It is also considered a type of tubing utilized in creating or assembling machines. It is popularly known to be employed for the distribution and protection of electrical wire. It is also useful in hydraulics schemes such as plumbing and sewage. There are specific kinds of electrical conduits invented and assembled for every special purpose or function. Electrical conduits come in various styles which are mainly used for electrical wiring within places that are out in the open. These conduits can also be made use of in locations that may be found in any part of a person’s house such as the laundry area, the basement and even the garage. These things can even be utilized within the walls.

As mentioned above, most of these electrical conduits are employed for outdoor wiring and the most recommended for such purpose is the PVC conduit oftentimes utilized to be applied in undergrounds or damp settings. This specific type of conduit has connectors, elbows, couplings and PVC fittings. So, why use PVC electronic wire? One reason is because PVC comes in various forms such as semi-rigid, rigid and flexible. A semi-rigid PVC conduit can be bended therefore can be useful in thin walls. Rigid PVC, on the other hand, usually comes in 10-foot span and in standard thickness but it cannot be curved or twisted. While flexible PVC can be utilized for paths that are coiled or entwined.

So, why use PVC electronic wire? PVC electronic wires are very simple to put together by means of PVC glue and a cleaner. PVC electrical wires can also serve for safety and regulation intentions of the wiring route. There are some properties of PVC that make it more reasonable for using PVC wire for outdoor locations. First on the list is that these wires are light in weight and not too pricey. Second reason is that these are available in various thicknesses which make them more useful for a specific purpose depending on the conditions for installation. Third reason is that these wires do not easily fracture for being exposed to sunlight mainly because these are UV stable. The fourth reason is that PVC is resistant to corrosion which means that these wires can be used for works above or under the ground. Fifth reason for using PVC is that these conduits are resistant to abrasion making it avoid cracks and scratches. And the last reason is that PVC is water and moisture resistant which lead to a prolonged life for the PVC to function.

Why use PVC electronic wire for outdoor installations? There is one perfect answer for this question. And this is because PVC electronic wires are weather resistant. This, of course, is based on the properties presented above. This is also one popular reason for most people who choose to make use of these conduits because of the fact that these wires can stand any temperature. This is why PVC electronic wire became a popular choice for cable protection.                          

WesBell Electronics Inc
(800) 334-8400