WesBell Electronics
Wire and Cable Blog



Romex 14 2 Cable – Your Home Wiring Needs

Romex® (rome-eks) has become the standard brand name in sheathed, insulated wires. Electrical systems in homes and businesses are mostly wired using Romex®. It is made up of two or more insulated wires with a flexible plastic sheath. Romex® cable can be run through walls, attics, under floors and others.

Romex® wire comes in many different sizes. Romex® 14/2 Cable is used as branch circuits for switches, outlets and other loads in residential wiring. It can also be used in concealed or exposed work in normal dry locations. You may run it in air voids of masonry block or in tile walls but should not be subjected to too much moisture. This cable is not for direct burial on the ground.

Romex® cable is easier to run through holes in studs due to its flexible sheath compared to metallic sheath and it is also cheaper. That is why it is labeled NMC which means non-metallic cable. NM is the sheathing used to distinguish it from metallic (BX or AC) sheathed cable. A rating of 14/2 pertains to the wire gauge and how many wires are inside the cable. 14 is the wire gauge and 2 means there are 2 wires in the cable. The lower the gauge is, the larger is the wire.

Romex® 14/2 Cable comes in white color jacket only because it falls under the #14 wire range. Other gauge sizes come in different jacket colors. This type of Romex® cable is an indoor residential electrical wire with solid bare copper strands. It weighs 57 lbs per 1000 feet and has 15 amps. It can resists temperatures up to 90°C and a maximum of 600 volts.

If you are thinking of using Romex® wires for your household wiring system, you need to make sure that you know the correct size to be used. The length and amount of amps you want are important to know the correct awg size. When you talk to your electrician or contractor, this information is needed so they can give you accurate information of what type of cable you should use. Take note that this cable is for indoor use only. If you need to run a cable outdoors, then you need a different type of cable built for outdoor use.

For a cable that pulls faster and strips easier, Romex® 14/2 Cable has these qualities. It is also tear resistant and has reduced burn-thru. It comes in 2 and 3 conductors and has awg sizes of 14, 12 and 10. Wesbell Electronics offer larger Romex cables by the foot in awg of 8, 6, 4 and 2. Since you need specific lengths and does not want to put your excess to waste, Wesbell Electronics allows purchasing of larger Romex® wires and UFB cables in any length that you desire.

For any specific requirements that you need for your cables and wires, please call Wesbell Electronics customer service and they will be glad to answer your inquiries and assist you in your wiring needs.

WesBell Electronics Inc
(800) 334-8400

Sound and Security Multiconductor Electronic Cables

Sound and security electronic cables are named such because they are used for audio and safety purposes. Most of these cables are used to provide alarms for homes or industrial buildings such in the case of a fire system. The product can be easily bought from most hardware stores and comes in even cheaper prices from internet sellers.

What are its components?

The security and sound cables are mostly made from plenum rating or a riser due to its versatility. However, some individuals opt for a PVC construction but since the effectiveness of PVC is limited when it comes to residential, industrial or commercial uses, most people prefer the rise material. A good example of this is the reaction of the rise versus the PVC when burned. The latter usually emits a toxic gas when burned as opposed to the riser which is perfectly safe. If the cable happens to run on an air duct, then this could put anyone residing in the structure at risk. Hence, the preference for resin constructed security and sound electronic cables.

The wire usually comes with two conductors or more. The reason for this is pretty simple: audio transmission is only possible through two conductors.

Choosing Sound and Security Electronic Cables

Since there are lots of possibilities when it comes to security and sound electronic cables, people need to be sure about what they intend to purchase. Basically, buyers would need to take several factors into consideration when buying this type of cable.

First off, where exactly would it be used? The item should be able to work well in the environment where it will be placed. It has to be able to relatively resist heat and humidity especially if the item will be used for residential purposes.

The size of the cable should also be taken into account. Fortunately, there are different sizes for the product ranging from 12 AWG to 22AWG. They operate at a low voltage, typically around 300 volts or less. Ideally, buyers should measure exactly what size they will need for their cables before purchasing one through the land based store. Online sellers also carry a wide selection of cable sizes and could even provide tips on how to choose one.

Buyers should also note if they want a shield for their cable or not. Shields are typically used to ensure that there wouldn’t be any interference when the electromagnetic cable is being put to use. Typically made from aluminum mylar, a shield may increase the price of the cable but also boosts the safety of the product.

Of course, those aren’t the only considerations when buying sound and security electronic cables. Buyers are also advised to set a specific budget which they can adhere to when buying. Shopping online would also be better as it allows the buyer to pick from cheaper products. Ideally, buyers should take the time to read reviews about the product to see exactly how well it performs. Getting the opinion of an experienced electrician would also be a good option.

WesBell Electronics Inc
(800) 334-8400

The Importance and Safety of Service Entrance Cable Type SER

Wires and cables are primarily used to transmit electrical energy from its main source to the various users such as manufacturing industries, factories, business offices as well as the home.  But before the electricity can reach the end user, the edifice that will utilize it needs to have a service entrance where the electrical devices and wires of the home or edifice and of the electrical company meet. The energy have to pass this device since it serves to meter, protect and distribute the electrical supply to the various branch circuits placed strategically inside the house and/or edifice.  Service Entrance Cable Type SER is a type of cable that is used widely consumers due to its simple but sleek design.

Service Entrance Cable Type SER contains wires that are made of copper.  The cable contains three wires, two of which are insulated in different colors while the last one is completely bare for easy identification.  The two insulated wires are the primary transmitter of electrical power while the bare or the neutral wire serves to support and/or neutralize the other two wires.  These wires are then covered with rubber and/or plastic.  An outer cover is also installed to protect the wires from damage since it will be constantly exposed to the harsh elements.  That is the reason why the insulators that are used in these cables are sturdy enough to withstand fluctuating temperatures.  There is a need for these wires and of the cable as a whole to be free from any defects.  This is to ensure the safety of its user and to avoid any damage and/or malfunctioning.  Thus, this type of cable has materials that can withstand wet and dry locations. 

In installing Service Entrance Cable Type SER, proper procedure should be followed based on the guidelines provided by the NEC and the wiring and protection law that is implemented in the state where you are currently located.  These guidelines are precautionary measures to prevent accidental electrocution and or to avoid other hazards that individuals may experience if the said wires are haphazardly installed.  Contractors and consumers should to purchase these type of wires from accredited manufacturers and sellers to ensure the high quality of materials that is used. 

Online sellers and hardware stores are selling this type of cable at a very competitive price.  There is a standard color of the insulator for this type of cable for easier identification.  You need to check the wire to determine the uniform thickness from end to end.  You can purchase this cable by meter or by bulk.  Manufacturers may ship the material to you for free if you purchase a minimum amount from them.  You can ask the seller to cut and strip the cable at a specified length before sending it to you.  You can also ask them to tin dip the wire if you do not want a cable with fray edges.  Inquire from the seller the exact day of delivery for there are some sellers who have a delivery time of two weeks from the date of purchase.  If you want faster delivery, you need to negotiate with them.

WesBell Electronics Inc
(800) 334-8400

Alpha FIT® Heat Shrink Tubing Products

Alpha FIT® Heat Shrink Tubing is incredibly popular nowadays thanks to its many advantages. Especially made for wirings, the product is easy enough to use for DIY projects and is incredibly versatile. For those who want to find out if this product is best for them, following are some of the advantages of this tubing type.

Very Durable

This type of tubing is incredibly durable whether it’s exposed to extreme heat or moist surfaces. This makes it perfect for basement wirings, ensuring that homeowners wouldn’t have to worry about the tubing deteriorating due to the wetness. What’s even better is that this product doesn’t decay overtime and comes with an extra layer of tubing to protect against unpredicted pressure. Compared to traditional tubing methods, the heat shrinking type can last considerably longer, providing a very cheap cost per year. The tubing is also capable of resisting mold growth and even corrosion.

Safe to Use

As previously mentioned, the Alpha FIT® Heat Shrink Tubing comes with an extra layer of protection, significantly boosting its safety level. Specially made for insulation purposes, the product has incredibly high resistance against electrical impulses. This is perhaps why tubing is perfect for DIY projects. The extra level of protection makes it possible for inexperienced electricians to plan their own wirings without too much of a risk.

Perfect Fit

The biggest attraction of heat shrink tubing is the fact that it allows easy fitting on various components. The capacity of the tube to shrink provides an excellent sealant, ensuring that the tubing will cover all the important parts while sliding over the large objects.

How to Choose One

There are various considerations people must take into account when buying heat shrink tubing. Aside from the obvious requirements like voltage ratings and temperature capabilities, the product must have the perfect fit.

When determining the size, buyers must look closely at the shrink ratio. This refers to how small the tubing will be once it is exposed to heat. For example, a 6:1 ratio means that the tubing is 6 times larger than it would be once it starts to shrink. The ratios range from 6:1 to 2:1, allowing users to find the best size that is needed for their project.

Of course, also take note of the voltage and heat requirements mentioned above. Buyers should first consider exactly where they intend to install the tubing and the environmental factors in that situation. This way, they will be able to pick the best type that would fit their needs.

Alpha FIT® Heat Shrink Tubing is mostly used for wire insulation, protection against conductors, for water-proofing, for wire repair, covering against wires and cables as well as an abrasion resistance. Note that although it is incredibly easy to use, working with electricity still poses risks to the individual. This is why when it comes to complicated wirings, it is advised that people use the service of an electrician and utilize the heat shrink tubing for long-term protection against any problems.

Attributes of Unshielded PLTC Tray Cable

Unshielded PLTC tray cable has a unique construction that makes it distinct from the rest of the types of wires and cables. The construction is defined by the cable’s conductor, insulation, and jacket. The materials of construction used for all unshielded power limited tray cable are 0.012 inches wall of PVC insulation that can withstand a maximum temperature of 105 degree Celsius. The black PVC jacket which is considered to be resistant to fire has a wall that measure up to 0.032 inches.

The conductor of the aforementioned tray cable is a tinned copper as per ASTM B-33 that is fully annealed. The insulation is top of the line in terms of quality made of PVC. The insulation is color coded which makes use of the following codes: black (1), red (2), white (3), and green (4). To complete the construction, is the jacket which is usually gray in color and made of PVC. It is appropriate for temperature range of negative 20 degrees Celsius up to 105 degrees Celsius.

The usual application of unshielded power limited tray cables is more or less similar to that of the shielded counterpart. The unshielded power limited tray cable is an economic and cost efficient alternative for shielded tray cable which is a bit more costly. The following are the usual applications that both shielded and unshielded tray cables are used: installation of cable trays, circuits with limited power applications, system and alarms against thieves, automated valve control systems, applications with suggested voltage rating of 300 volts, systems for irrigation, systems for intercom, and machines for industrial and business applications.

In general, the unshielded power limited tray cables are known for the following specific features: resistance to sunlight due to the PVC jacket that covers it, capability to withstand extremely hot and extremely cold conditions, and highly sturdy, tough and long lasting.

Unshielded PLTC tray cable has a controlled level of voltage that can be contained, usually up to a voltage of 300 volts, and option of redirecting the electricity by coursing it through two to three conductors per cable. The tray cable comes with insulation that is 22 AWG that comes across the 12 AWG covered completely by the gray PVC jacket. It can be used outdoors without the fear that sunlight, moisture, and weather conditions will be interfering in its basic function. Despite the fact that it is unshielded, it comes in with a jacket that provides the basic protection.

The upper limit temperature that the PLTC can bear is at around 105 degree Celsius or above the boiling point. PLTC are UL and CSA Approved. They also have a paired color coding approach: black and red; the PLTC have color coding for trios as well: black, red, and white.

The unshielded PLTC tray cables come from different manufacturers that offer several variations which include unshielded, multi-conductor, multi-paired, Alpha 45125, or those will individually protected pairs. The usual applications are circuits that do not require a long wiring system. Compliant with significant standard states, each power limited tray cables are delivered expediently marked with corresponding instructions for the appropriate installation of the tray cable for an array of applications. 

WesBell Electronics Inc
(800) 334-8400

PVC Hook Up Wire Facts – Polyvinyl Chloride Lead Wires

Cables and wires are primarily used to transmit electrical energy from its main source to the various users in different places. Long before wireless telecommunication was invented, wires and cables were used to transmit information from place to place and from continent to continent.  There was a cable that connected Europe and South America.  With man’s various inventions and innovations of things that had help him lighten his work and load, different types of wires with different types of materials were also invented to accommodate its various uses.

One of these wires that are widely used nowadays is the PVC Hook Up wire.  Hook up wire is a standard conductor wire that is primarily made of copper with tin and is stranded.  Tin is basically added for easier soldering since it is primarily used in wiring a mechanism with point to point connection even if it can hamper a little the conductivity of the copper.

A PVC Hook Up wire is primarily used in the manufacturing industry especially in the appliance sector since it is used in the internal wiring of the various products that these companies are manufacturing.  This type of wire is using smaller AWG which had made this wire more flexible as compared to the other wires available in the market today.  It is also known to use lesser voltage as compared to the wires used to transmit electricity.  A PVC Hook Up wire is not a high temperature lead wire and it is only used in internal settings.  Exposing it to water, solvents and oil can cause irreparable damage to it.  Use a different type of wire if you have plan of using the material where it is installed in an outdoor setting especially if it is constantly exposed to the elements.

PVC Hook Up wire is available in different colors and in different voltages.  You can purchase these wires by meter or by spools.  There are a number of online stores that are selling these materials.  These online stores are offering free shipping to its customers if the said customer had purchase materials with amount higher than $250.  You can ask the seller to customize the color of the wire according to your specification.  You can also ask them to cut the wires at a specified length.  The thickness of the insulator also varies but you can ask for a customized thickness.

You have to check that there is uniform thickness of the insulator to avoid accidents.  There are guidelines that the manufacturers follow in producing the wires to ensure the safety of its users.  Failure on their part to follow these guidelines will make them liable for the injury that its users will incur due to its negligence.  To ensure your safety and of the user, you need to purchase PVC hook up wires from accredited manufacturers.

WesBell Electronics Inc
(800) 334-8400

How To Hide Unused Entertainment Cables And Cords

There are times when you would need to hide the entertainment cables and cords in your home. Exposed wiring can actually cause tangling and short circuiting. This is actually one of the biggest problems when it comes to wiring since you would need to clean the wires especially when it comes to center displays. In order to fix the wiring of your home, you will need several objects such as a pair of scissors, some cable wrap and some wire clips and ties. You will need all these things if you would be removing the wire from its original position. Remember though that if you are going to tie your lines together, you would need a wiring line or a connector which is specifically based on the length and diameter of your wiring. If you have a lot of wires, be sure that your connector would be as big.

The first thing that you would need to do for your entertainment cables and cords is to bunch the power cords. You would need to connect all the power cords so that the main surge protector would be protected from any problems. Since not all of the wires have the same distance from the power, remember to measure the wires according to higher of the up wires and then measure together the wires which are of the same height and width.  Bunch the wire together if they are in every 10 to 12 inches way down. Remember, to measure the wirings to that they would not be pulled too much especially when you are going to place the strands. Once you complete the connection, bunch the power cords so that the components in the entertainment system would be connected to the main surge protector or the main power source. Since not all of the wires of the components are of same distance, connect only the ones which are of same length and those that are way higher from the main line.

Once the wires from the Entertainment cables and cords are connected properly, lay the wires inside the clip. The lines should start from the top and then to the lower lines. Put together the lines which lie from inside the cable wrapping clip and then insert the pointy connections of the clip to the cable wrap. Slide the wires to the group of cables to the wrap and then continue the process until the last wires are protected by the wrap. Twist some of the wires and use a pair of scissors in order to cut the extended lines and the extended wraps. After that, you need to bunch the rest of the wires near the bottom and then tie the remaining loose wires. You can use a wire tie in order to connect some of the portion of the wire in a diagonal or irregular direction of the lining. Be sure to check the wires after you have applied the changes and check if there are problems with the reception.

WesBell Electronics Inc
(800) 334-8400

SOOW Portable Power Cord Information

One of the most popular and versatile cables that is convenient for everyday application is SOOW cable identified for having cords that consists of many conductors within, usually two or more strands. Ideal for installation inside or outside of the household even at extreme conditions and settings, it is common to see this cable in the workplace, commercial spaces, and even at home, but it has long been considered reliable for applications in grinders, deep excavations, and underwater operations.

The cable is the most commonly used of the electrical cables with SO flexible rubber. It is resistant to effects of moisture, as well as to oil and other chemicals, which makes it perfect for applications in factories and refineries. It is manufactured by utilizing the rubber meant for heavy duty cable. It is also protected by a thermoplastic elastomer, thus making it suitable for tolerating extremely cold environments. But for residential applications, a lighter quality of thermoplastic is used in order to protect the electrical cables of appliances.

The SOOW Cable is distinguished by its insulation, jacket, construction, temperature rating, color code chart, operating voltage, applications and approvals. The insulation is a thermoset rubber that is resistant to effects of oil. The jacket is also oil resistant, usually black in color, and made of thermoset rubber. The construction is distinguished by insulated conductors chained with paddings for added protection. The cable works well within the range of negative 40 degrees Celsius up to 90 degrees Celsius. Black, white, green, and red are the usual colors used for the cable’s color code chart. Ideal for applications with voltage up to 600 volts, the cable may be used as a cable for a wide variety of portable appliances. It has been approved by UL and CSA, thus, one can be confident that it follows the standards set by experts.

What does SOOW stand for? S stands for ‘service cord’ because it can accommodate voltage levels up to 600 volts. OO stands for the cable’s essential property – being oil resistant, referring to the insulation inside, and the jacket outside. W is a designation given by CSA which refers to the resistance to weather and water.

Needless to say, the cable is capable of performing for applications in the industry that are heavy-duty and high level. It can readily deliver the requirements, namely, versatility and robustness. It can be applied for equipment in the industry, heavy-duty tools, welding and motor leads, extension cords, light and heavy machines, sound and light equipment for entertainment applications, mining equipment, and even for marine applications. It can be used indoors and outdoors because it has an insulation that is color coded that is resistant to synthetic oil, ozone, and even water or moisture.

Also, SOOW power cables are excellent against the elements, as well as for acids, extreme temperatures, tears, abrasions, and cuts. It poses no risk even when exposed to the sunlight. It does not entertain combustion, for it is a flame retardant. It is easy to install, which may be attributed to its high flexibility. The maximum temperature for dry condition is 90 degree Celsius.

WesBell Electronics Inc
(800) 334-8400

PTFE Electrical Wire – High Temperature Wires

Most of the certified types of PTFE wire available in the market today are intended for use in electrical facilities where one can usually encounter high temperature. These wires have high resistance to flame, damage from solder iron, thermal aging, and moisture. Aside from that, the coating of these wires can also decrease or eliminate the effects of chemicals, solvents, ozone, and various types of grease. They can also be easily installed because the entire surface is generally slippery and small. Therefore, this gives the ease of attaching these parts to the intended surface.

The PTFE wire has also been found to possess a wide range of frequency. Aside from that, the PTFE wire is known to have the lowest values for the dissipation factor and the dielectric constant as compared to other types of cables. What further enhances its conductivity factor is the high surface resistivity and volume of each strand of cable.

In terms of the electrical properties, this PTFE wire is stable. It can only cause minimal power loss. This property makes it ideal for application in high frequency installations. Usually, the PTFE insulation of the PTFE wires are extruded to enhance the entire cable’s conductivity and other electrical features.

There are various advantages that the PTFE wire has. This is in terms of its chemical and physical properties. At high temperatures, this cable is considered to be inert to all types of chemicals. In line with this, it has also been found to be resistant to stress cracking, mold growth, fire, fungus growth, and ultraviolet radiation. The PTFE wire has also been found to be biocompatible, non-contaminating, and non-toxic to the environment. These properties make the PTFE wire a suitable choice for long term use, may it be in the home, office, or industrial setting.

There have also been types of PTFE wires with silver plated copper that are stranded. PTFE wires with high temperature insulation are known to withstand temperatures that may range from -76 degrees Fahrenheit to 392 degrees Fahrenheit. Its upper limit value may even go as high as 221 degrees Fahrenheit. As for the voltage, it can usually hold as much as 600 Volts at a time.

Some manufacturers have fabricated copper strands with silver platings. This PTFE wire variation also includes a wire jacket that can withstand temperatures that can shoot as high as 392 degrees Fahrenheit. These strands usually come in the 1000, 500, and 600 Volt versions.

The PTFE wire is typically used for outdoor or indoor settings where tolerance for high temperature and dense humidity is required. Compared to the hook up wires and the electrical wires with other types of jackets, the PTFE wires are more expensive. However, this may be attributed to the materials used for the entire PTFE wire. Aside from aiding in high temperature and humidity tolerance, these materials also provide a high degree of flexibility that is suitable for most of your needs at home. Typically, local hardware shops sell the PTFE wires in various lengths. You may specify the length of PTFE wire that you prefer to address your needs. Upon request, the staff in the hardware shop may even twist, stripe, cut, and strip the PTFE wire.

WesBell Electronics Inc
(800) 334-8400

A Closer Look at Shielded Electronic Cables

Because of man’s ever increasing dependence on electricity and electronic devices, the demand for shielded electronic cables has constantly increased as well. The shielded variety has become the more popular choice because of several reasons. First, it is deemed the safer option; so the people staying in a particular area are more secure that there will be no electrical accidents. The second reason is to save money in the long run, since this type is less prone to wear and tear. Thus, it has become useful in different locations and has helped in making the lives of a lot of people much better.

The cables are generally used for electrical wiring inside the house. The insulation makes it possible to use the cable without the need to purchase additional devices to insulate the wires such as wood or pipes. The cables can just be conveniently tucked nicely to a wall and still look nice. This means that people can save a lot of money for home construction, while still making sure that the entire place is safe for everyone, including kids. This type of cable can also be used in the installation of security cameras and alarm around the house for added protection.

Shielded electronic cables are also used in commercial locations. Aside from electrical wirings, it is also sometimes used for other purposes such as high-speed phone and internet connection. If the office is using an Intercom or any similar device to communicate, these cables might well be used as well. Offices with multiple locations can also save a lot of money by buying the cables in bulk because a lot of companies are offering huge discounts for big purchases on wires. The company can then save while still making sure that everything is in order and the needs of the business are addressed.

This type of shielded cable is also used in mobile phones and other portable devices. We can plug in our portable devices to recharge it or use the cable to connect the portable devices with one another. Because of this, we are able to enjoy all the benefits that we can get from the different technological advances of the various portable devices at our disposal. We can get in touch with our friends and loved ones, or finish an important work of project even if we are on the go, without having to worry about safety.

Through the use of shielded electronic cables, we can all have a comfortable time at home, in the office, and practically anywhere we need to go. There is no need to worry about accidents because the insulation for these wires and cables are strong and lasts for a long time. In addition, we can conveniently bring our portable devices anywhere we need to go because we are assured that it can be safely plugged anywhere or be connected with another device if necessary. As technology advances, we can expect that cables would also evolve and change to better suit all our needs and demands.

WesBell Electronics Inc
(800) 334-8400